How to build a city from scratch: the handy step-by-step DIY guide
1 day ago†Ј Amazon plans to build a foot-tall building, modeled on a helix, in Arlington, Va., as the centerpiece of its second headquarters. the design as a Уdouble helixФ but scholars of ancient history and the Bible will readily recognize the ancient model for the design: the Tower of Babel. closely resemble that of a ziggurat, a type of. A ziggurat (/ ? z ? ? ? ? r ? t /; Akkadian: ziqquratu, D-stem of zaqaru 'to protrude, to build high', cognate with other semitic languages like Hebrew zaqar (?????) 'protrude') is a type of massive structure built in ancient likedatingus.com has the form of a terraced compound of successively receding stories or levels. Notable ziggurats include the Great Ziggurat of Ur near.
Ziggurat of Ur, c. The ziggurat is the most distinctive architectural invention of bjild Ancient Near East. Like an ancient Egyptian pyramid, an ancient Near Eastern ziggurat has four sides and rises up to the realm of the gods.
However, unlike Egyptian pyramids, the exterior of Ziggurats were not smooth but tiered to accommodate the work zivgurat took place at the structure as well as the administrative oversight and religious rituals essential to Ancient Near Eastern cities. Ziggurats are found scattered tp what is today Iraq and Iran, and stand as an imposing testament to the power and skill of the ancient culture that produced them. One of the largest and best-preserved ziggurats of Mesopotamia is the great Ziggurat at Ur.
Small excavations occurred at the site around the turn of the twentieth century, and in the s Sir Leonard Woolley, in a joint project with the University of Pennsylvania Museum in Philadelphia and the British Museum in London, revealed the monument ziggurar its entirety.
Woolley photo of the Ziggurat of Ur with workers, Ziggurat of Ur, c. What Woolley found was a massive rectangular pyramidal structure, oriented to true North, by feet, constructed with three levels of terraces, standing originally what is globalization of culture 70 and feet high. I wanna know what turns you on monumental staircases led up to a gate at the first terrace level.
Next, a single staircase rose to a second terrace which supported a platform on which a temple and the final and highest terrace stood. The core of the ziggurat is made of modep brick covered with baked bricks laid with bitumen, a naturally occurring tar. Each of the baked bricks measured about The lower portion of the ziggurat, which supported the first terrace, would have used somebaked bricks.
The resources needed to build the Ziggurat at Ur are staggering. The Ziggurat at How to evolve pokemon in blue rescue team and the temple on its top were built around B.
The structure would have been the highest point in the city by far and, like the spire of a medieval cathedral, would have been visible for miles around, a focal point for travelers and the pious alike.
As the Ziggurat supported the temple of the patron god of the city of Ur, it is likely that it was the place where the citizens of Ur would bring agricultural surplus and where they would go to receive their regular food allotments. In antiquity, to visit the ziggurat at Ur was to seek both spiritual and physical nourishment. Clearly the most important zigugrat of the ziggurat at Ur was the Nanna temple at its top, but this, unfortunately, has not survived.
Some blue how to build a ziggurat model bricks have been found which archaeologists suspect might have been part of the temple decoration.
The lower parts of the ziggurat, which do survive, include amazing details of engineering and design. For instance, because the unbaked mud brick core of the temple would, according to the season, be alternatively more or less damp, the architects included holes through the baked exterior layer of the temple allowing water to evaporate from its core.
The Ziggurat at Ur has been restored twice. The first restoration was in antiquity. The what are the characteristics of a dictatorship Neo-Babylonian king, Nabodinus, apparently replaced the two upper terraces of the structure in the 6th century B.
Since this most recent restoration, however, the Ziggurat at Ur has experienced some damage. During the recent war led by American and coalition forces, Saddam Hussein parked his MiG fighter jets next to the Ziggurat, believing that the bombers would spare them for fear of destroying the ancient site.
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The resources needed to build the Ziggurat at Ur are staggering. Moon goddess Nanna. The Ziggurat at Ur and the temple on its top were built around B.C.E. by the king Ur-Nammu of the Third Dynasty of Ur for the moon goddess Nanna, the divine patron of the city state. STV-S Dryer Duct Connector - DIY Easy Dryer Vent Hookup Kit - by Ziggurat Products Builder's Best SAF-T-DUCT Zero Periscope Adjustable Dryer Vent Periscope, Adjustable " Length Holikme 2 Pack Dryer Lint Vacuum Attachment and Flexible Dryer Lint Brush, Dryer Vent Cleaner Kit, Vacuum Hose Attachment Brush, Lint Remover, Blue. The top of the ziggurat was flat, unlike many pyramids. The step pyramid style began near the end of the Early Dynastic Period. Built in receding tiers upon a rectangular, oval, or square platform, the ziggurat was a pyramidal structure. Sun-baked bricks made up the core of the ziggurat .
Orientation patterns of more than 1, ancient pyramids, sites, and temples, randomly spread around the world, appear to correlate one on one with the temperature changes of the last series of glaciation cycles.
Our research is groundbreaking. Most ancient monuments are hundreds of thousands of years old, and so as old as early Homo sapiens itself. Renovations of ancient monuments through the ages were done on top of their much older foundations, leaving most of the original orientations intact. Feel free to browse through our website.
Enjoy entering a new paradigm. Updated With New Data: 11 April Fig 1: This animation shows how the crustal displacements relate to the glaciation graphs.
The relation between the size and extent of the shifts and the large temperature swings to be just coincidental is 1 to or 0. When we further zoom in on the variables of natural temperature changes and crustal deformation temperature changes we find a probability of 1 to , for this to match so perfectly within a certain margin of error.
This almost perfect match in a complex of systems is the mathematical proof of multiple crustal shifts in the ancient past. Note that the time between the stable poles, the duration of crustal deformations, stretches out over tens of thousands of years.
That means that the deformation cycles are non-lineair. The orientation of a building is purely mathematical because orientation is dimensionless, i. While the size, weight, or chemical composition of a structure might change, its orientation is, by definition, independent of material properties. Many astronomical, religious, and even political buildings, like the pyramids of Giza, the Yerkes Observatory, the White House, the Taj Mahal, Angkor Wat, and the Vatican, are cardinally oriented.
Their architects oriented them to our current cardinal system, and that means to our existing geographic pole. When we process the orientations of virtually all ancient buildings around the world, it reveals a great discovery.
Our research is so new, so innovating and refreshingly novel that you will not find anything like this anywhere else, except maybe some copies of this original material on other websites. Some people are shocked by the vast array of facts that supports our revolutionary model that is entirely mathematical. They deny that there is any evidence for this to be true and go on with their lives.
However, who dares to deny established mathematical facts? All data is pointing in only one compelling direction. There is no escape; there is no place to hide from our conclusions. Most people are even more shocked when they discover which time frames we have mathematically proven in our theory. While we have all been conditioned to think in terms of a few thousand years, here we are considering a time frame of human history of more than , years.
The pyramids of Giza belong to the youngest ancient structures on this planet. They are the crowning achievement of very advanced civilizations that once spanned the entire planet. Our method explores the orientation of pyramids and temples spread all around the world and combines them in a database. What we have discovered is that their orientation extensions result in one significant mathematical geodetic pattern.
The resulting pattern appears to form several nodes. The probability that nodes of considerable size, resulting from the hundreds of intersecting orientation extensions, can occur randomly has been calculated and is close to zero for each intersection node. Because the nodes occur in a latitudinal direction, they point to drastic climate changes, and we suggest that these are due to a series of crustal deformations. Remarkably, in every instance, we see that the distances between nodes correlate with the temperature peaks and valleys of the last series of ice ages.
Moreover, of all possible places on our planet where these nodes could show up, they occur massively around Greenland. The odds for this concentrated nodal pattern to follow coincidentally the same sequence as the substantial temperature changes over the last series of ice ages is 1 to We are talking about a time frame of , years.
However, when we examine these patterns more closely, we find an even rarer chance of 1 to , for the latitudinal pattern of nodes and temperature changes to fit coincidentally onto each other in this specific region. It appears to be improbable to be coincidental altogether. We have discovered an ancient phenomenon that traditional science has completely overlooked, comparable to an encrypted message from outer space. It is time to wake up!
Of all possible places, why are these nodes running over Greenland, the large island which has a vast ice sheet of unknown origin? Moreover, if that is not enough, why do the distances between the nodes correlate with the glaciation graphs shown below? Could that all be just coincidence?
It does not appear to be so. It is the most profound proof for the existence of former, ancient geographic poles, revealing the actual age of ancient structures.
Our method delivers proof of corresponding latitudinal crustal displacements. The growing size of these clusters shows how the crust deformed in the past due to the displacements. The older the clusters, the larger is the extent of the deformations.
Our theory also explains simple and elegantly why and how the vast, thick ice sheet on Greenland grew. Due to deformation cycles of the crust moved Greenland over the spin axis. Is it not obvious now that this ice sheet will melt, and why it will melt? It is not cold enough to sustain the vast ice sheet in the long term, i. It is now also easy to understand why CO2 lags on changing temperatures and why it cannot be held responsible for substantial climatic changes.
We can now solve the many yet unsolved problems. What many climate scientists never seem to have noticed is that Greenland is also the center point of the Laurentide ice sheet, the Innuition ice sheet, and the Scandinavian ice sheet. Climate science has nothing to do with real science Ч it is a pseudoscience that mostly serves the agendas of politicians. Mainstream scientists do not dare to oppose this agenda and are afraid to lose their funding. Our discovery questions a host of mainstream ideas regarding history, paleontology, archaeology, climatology, and geology.
Mathematics can show us that most generally accepted ideas, from history to geology, are based on corrupted science, i. Deluges were no myths; crustal deformations caused them. It is also crucial to realize that not all ancient buildings were oriented to an ancient geographical pole. We found that more than After all, we do not live in a perfect world.
Not all ancient architects oriented their structures to the cardinal directions, but the majority chose to do so, and thus they left an indelible and essential message for us. We proved with our new dating method that the crust had crept exclusively in the latitudinal direction over extended periods when the Earth was in high eccentric orbit around the Sun.
Antarctica, strangely enough, did not move and remained at a relatively stable position. Science still has no clue why this is so. This force, when large enough, caused a large part of the crust to crawl and deform in the latitudinal direction over extended periods. Our rationality has profound consequences on our grasp of ancient history.
Humanity, as well as the ancient sites, are much more ancient than we ever imagined. Imagine that someone decides to build a home on the heath, in the middle of nowhere. The new home is going to be square or rectangular. What will make this person decide the orientation of this house? The Cardinals? To the Rising Sun? To the ruling wind directions? The local geography? Alternatively, something else maybe?
That is maybe not entirely relevant for an ordinary home but how would an architect orient an astronomical observatory? That is when such a question would become relevant.
It is easy to understand why. If we look at how many cities in the US are oriented built from scratch in the middle of nowhere, we see they are most of the time cardinally oriented.
Any other orientation is a sort of gamble game. An almost chaotic process of stowing buildings as effectively as possible in the remaining space. Many architects will align their project according to the Cardinals when they have enough space to do so Ч and some do not. There are as many reasons as there are architects, ranging from spatial planning to natural environmental factors like mountains or rivers.
That is how this simple although mathematically complex method works Ч it can reveal some deeply hidden aspects of very ancient civilizations. Most people believe that no advanced structure-building humanoids existed when Earth was in the middle of a series of ice ages spanning the past hundreds of thousands of years. How do we know that is true? We want proof, not vague signs of evidence. Let us be clear about the nature of evidence. Have we ever seen evidence that was not overthrown by other, newer pieces of evidence?
Homo sapiens is present on this planet for more than , years and has been a gifted builder directly from the start. What is orientation? It is dimensionless, hence purely mathematical, and not materialistic. With the location it is likewise; namely, we have degrees or Pi solely Ч and this means that there are no materialistic units attached to it. By defining ancient buildings like this, the ancient builders show us a way to an ultimate and undiscovered truth: our real history.
Once you have entirely grasped this concept, a whole new world will unfold to you!