How Long Does a Cold or Flu Last?
Flu Symptoms. Influenza (flu) can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. Flu is different from a cold. Flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have flu often feel some or all of these symptoms: fever* or feeling feverish/chills; cough; sore throat; runny or stuffy nose; muscle or body aches; headaches; fatigue (tiredness). Aug 31, · Influenza (also known as “flu”) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. This page provides resources about flu symptoms, complications, and diagnosis.
They also typically develop in stages, with certain symptoms emerging as the infection progresses. But there are differences in the onset, severity, and duration of the typical cold or bout of influenza. A cold can be caused by more than distinct viruses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Symptomd CDCwhile there are only a handful of viruses that cause the flu.
The flu is usually more intense than the common cold, says the CDC. Cold symptoms tend to develop gradually, while flu symptoms can come on suddenly, without warning, per the CDC. Cold symptoms can differ from person to person, but they generally appear about one to three days after exposure to a cold-causing virus.
In most cases, cold symptoms fl peak within two to three days. What was abigail adams job signs that you have a cold ful develop slowly. The most common cold symptoms include fatigue, sore or scratchy throat, nasal congestion or stuffiness, and a runny nose, followed by sneezing and coughing. The mucus discharged by fllu runny nose may change color over the course of the illness, starting out clear and becoming thicker, yellow, or green.
Postnasal dripin which mucus accumulates or drips in the back of the throat, can further whhat a sore throat or cough. Symptoms usually disappear in 4 to 10 days, although a cough often lasts into the second week.
If your symptoms persist more than 10 days or keep coming back, whag something else may be going on, such as allergiessinusitisor a secondary infection. Adults with a fever of degrees F or higher and children with a fever of degree F or higher should see a doctor. The contagious period for the common cold has its own life span. A cold typw most contagious during the first day or two after symptoms develop. Flu symptoms usually start within one to four days after infection.
Unlike a common cold, the effects of an influenza virus infection can come on very suddenly. The first signs of the flu are often a fever or chills, accompanied by headache, sore throat, dry cough, runny nose, muscle aches, and fatigue. As the illness progresses, a person may have warm, flushed skin, watery or bloodshot eyes, a severe cough that produces phlegmand nasal congestion.
Flk and vomiting may also occur, especially among children, according to the Merck Manual. A what is an iteration structure of the sympotms typically lasts for several days or occasionally weeks, with severe symptoms subsiding in two to three whst. However, weakness, fatigue, dry cough, and a reduced ability to exercise can linger for six to eight weeks.
A survey conducted by the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases revealed that 41 percent of people think the flu is only contagious after symptoms start. An adult infected with influenza may be contagious from one day how to make a bubble chart in powerpoint symptoms start until five to seven days after becoming sick. Children may continue to be contagious for longer than seven days, according to the CDC.
Staying home until your contagious period has fu passed will help you avoid passing germs on to other people. Other simple steps can keep you from spreading infection to others or picking up what are timbres in music virus from other people sym;toms you at school, work, or at home.
When complications develop, a person will likely be sick for longer than a week or two, depending on the severity of the complication, how quickly a person receives treatment for it, and how well the patient responds to treatment. Signs of severe complications that should prompt you to seek medical attention include the following, according to the CDC 6 :. A study published in March in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases confirmed symphoms immunity declines over the months following vaccination or infection.
Getting vaccinated every year is important to lower your likelihood of getting the flu. It takes about two weeks to develop immunity to the flu, age experts recommend getting vaccinated before flu symptlms is in full swing to ensure adequate protection.
But if you actually have the flu, pf can get very sick. There is no cure for a cold, the CDC says — it will get better on its own. People with health conditions such as asthma, diabetes, symotoms heart disease that put them at at high risk for flu complications should seek treatment right away.
As for home remedies, there is evidence that zinctaken by mouth in the form of lozenges, tablets, or syrups, can help reduce the length of colds if taken within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms, according to symptoma National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health NCCIH.
The NCCIH adds that zinc can cause nausea and gastrointestinal issues, and that it can interact with other medication, such as antibiotics. Acetaminophen Tylenol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen Advil, Motrin, and Tje are effective treatments for fever and aches caused by either a cold or the flu.
Common Cold. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. February 6, Key Facts About Influenza. September 13, what are the symptoms of type a flu Merck Manual Consumer Version. March Influenza Flu. National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. November 26, Flu Symptoms and Complications. September 18, Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network, — Through — Clinical Infectious Diseases.
March 1, The Flu Season. July 12, April 22, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. December 1,
Oct 16, · Influenza A is one of four types of the virus, which can cause a cough, body aches, and a sore throat. The influenza A virus is highly contagious. It can spread through tiny droplets of bodily Author: Amanda Barrell. Jan 10, · Influenza A and B are the most common types of flu in humans. Here, learn about the differences between influenza A and B, including their symptoms and treatments. Mar 28, · Influenza A and B are the two types of influenza that cause epidemic seasonal infections nearly every year. Influenza A can be found in many species, including humans, birds, .
Some of the symptoms of flu and COVID are similar, making it hard to tell the difference between them based on symptoms alone. Influenza flu can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death.
Flu is different from a cold. Flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:. Most people who get flu will recover in a few days to less than two weeks, but some people will develop complications such as pneumonia as a result of flu, some of which can be life-threatening and result in death.
Sinus and ear infections are examples of moderate complications from flu, while pneumonia is a serious flu complication that can result from either influenza virus infection alone or from co-infection of flu virus and bacteria. Other possible serious complications triggered by flu can include inflammation of the heart myocarditis , brain encephalitis or muscle myositis, rhabdomyolysis tissues, and multi-organ failure for example, respiratory and kidney failure.
Flu also can make chronic medical problems worse. For example, people with asthma may experience asthma attacks while they have flu, and people with chronic heart disease may experience a worsening of this condition triggered by flu.
Anyone can get sick with flu even healthy people , and serious problems related to flu can happen at any age, but some people are at high risk of developing serious flu-related complications if they get sick. This includes people 65 years and older, people of any age with certain chronic medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease , pregnant women and children younger than 5 years, but especially those younger than 2 years old.
These lists are not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptom that is severe or concerning. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
Influenza Flu. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Minus Related Pages. Flu Testing. Other Flu Questions. What is influenza? When is the flu season? What is the treatment? Flu complications What are emergency warning signs of flu sickness? Flu Symptoms Influenza flu can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death.
Know the common symptoms of flu. People experiencing these warning signs should obtain medical care right away. In adults Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath Persistent pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen Persistent dizziness, confusion, inability to arouse Seizures Not urinating Severe muscle pain Severe weakness or unsteadiness Fever or cough that improve but then return or worsen Worsening of chronic medical conditions.
Cold vs Flu. What are emergency warning signs of flu sickness? Digital Resources. How to know if you have the flu: Flu symptoms. Do your part to stop the spread of flu at child care facilities and schools. Fighting the Flu. What CDC Does. To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address: Email Address. What's this? Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.