What causes stiff and painful knees

what causes stiff and painful knees

What Causes a Stiff Knee After Sitting?

Stiff Knee After Sitting: Causes and Treatments. To help alleviate the “creaking” and soothe your knee discomfort, Dr. Nickodem recommends: Anti-inflammatory medications. Try aspirin or ibuprofen. Acetaminophen is a good pain reliever, but does not reduce inflammation. RICE therapy. Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation can help reduce swelling and.

An orthopaedic surgeon walks us pinful how to find relief. The most common cause of knee pain can hit you in your 30s as easily as it can in your 60s and 70s.

Orthopaedic surgeon Robert Nickodem Jr. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Osteoarthritis includes more than different types of arthritis or joint inflammation and rates of it have been steadily rising year after year. Fortunately, osteoarthritis is what is the difference between a hotel and a motel. You may never be czuses pain-free, but you can manage the condition and keep your symptoms under control.

Cartilage, the cushioning between bones, deteriorates throughout life. It can erode more quickly in some people due to injury or genetics. As cartilage thins, your bones begin to rub together, causing pain, swelling and stiffness. If your pain and swelling are getting worse and wtiff can no longer put weight on your knee, see your doctor. A simple X-ray can show if there is osteoarthritis and, if needed, an MRI scan can check for meniscal tears or loose chips of cartilage.

Arthroscopic surgery can sometimes remove loose cartilage. Sometimes computer assistance is used for some complicated knee replacements. Share this article via email with one or more people using the form onees. Send me expert insights each week in Health Essentials News. Learn more about vaccine availability. Advertising Policy. You have successfully subscribed to our newsletter. Related Stifc. Hips Hurting? Trending Topics.

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Jan 16,  · An injury to a meniscus is a possible cause of a stiff knee. The menisci are two “C” shaped pieces of cartilage that sit inside the knee joint. Their . Sep 14,  · A mild knee sprain, where one of the knee ligaments has been overstretched and may have torn, can also cause a stiff knee. This may be in part due to some swelling in the knee joint but also due to reduced stability in the joint affecting how the knee moves.5/5(10). Mar 15,  · Several factors can contribute to knee stiffness, which is usually most noticeable after a brief period of sitting or inactivity. Injuries and conditions that affect the knee joint, like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA), can cause your knees to feel stiff.

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Injuries and conditions that affect the knee joint, like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis RA , can cause your knees to feel stiff. Most people experience knee stiffness after sitting for a long period of time. It's usually the result of inflammation and fluid build-up in the knee joint, which causes swelling and decreases the ability to freely move the joint. A number of conditions can lead to inflammation, and subsequently, knee stiffness.

Bursitis is usually a temporary condition that occurs when the bursae become inflamed. Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that help reduce friction in the joints as they move. There are several bursae in each knee joint. Overuse is the most common cause of bursitis. If you develop this condition, your knees can feel stiff after you sit for long periods of time.

Osteoarthritis, also known as wear-and-tear arthritis, can cause stiff knees. However, if the knee joint is overused or injured frequently, osteoarthritis can affect young people as well. RA, an autoimmune disease , is commonly associated with joint stiffness.

Morning stiffness is a hallmark feature of RA. If you experience knee stiffness along with additional symptoms, like fever and fatigue, you may have RA.

Knee joint injuries can occur during athletic or everyday activities. Along with stiffness, you are likely to experience swelling and pain from the injury. For example, a ligament injury can occur due to hyperextension of the knee or traumatic damage. Another common injury is a tear of the meniscus , a c-shape portion of cartilage that sits along the border of the knee joint, providing shock absorption.

This can occur due to twisting the knee, and it is common in sports that require a lot of squatting, twisting, and changing positions. You would feel a pop if you tear your meniscus. Patellofemoral pain syndrome PFPS causes pain in the front of the knee and around the patella kneecap.

PFPS is often the result of overuse or malalignment of the kneecap. It's also referred to as runner's knee or jumper's knee because it's most common in people who play sports. It affects women at a higher rate than men. PMPS causes stiffness and pain in and under the kneecap, especially after sitting for long periods of time.

Surgery can cause a degree of postoperative knee stiffness. Arthrofibrosis , also called stiff knee syndrome, can happen after knee surgery. The body's natural response to trauma, such as from injury or surgery, is to make scar tissues. Arthrofibrosis develops when there is too much scar tissue around the knee joint, causing the knee to tighten and stiffen. Arthrofibrosis can occur after common knee surgeries, including:.

Maintaining flexibility throughout the body can help prevent some types of knee stiffness. To avoid stiffness from tight muscles, add stretching to your fitness routine and prioritize strength-building exercises.

While knee stiffness is common, it can also be the sign of a serious condition. Call your doctor immediately if you experience the following symptoms:. When you are seen and evaluated for knee stiffness, your doctor will take a history of your symptoms and ask about any recent injuries.

Tests to diagnose the underlying cause of stiff knees can include:. Treatment will depend on the cause of your knee stiffness. Conditions like osteoarthritis and RA will require long-term treatment and follow-up with your doctor.

Whether your knee stiffness is the result of a chronic disease or an injury, there are several ways you can get relief for your stiff knees. Self-care can be done at home to prevent or alleviate knee stiffness. These strategies include:. Above all, listen to your body. Don't overdo it.

Depending on your condition, your doctor might also recommend a treatment plan along with self-care recommendations. Treatment options include:. Keep in mind that self-care strategies can be done alongside medical treatment for best results.

Stiffness in the knee joint can be alarming and may interfere with your daily life. Whether it comes from an injury or an underlying condition, your doctors can help you create a treatment plan that works for you and alleviates your symptoms. The earlier you identify what is causing your knee stiffness, the better your outcome will be.

As a preventative method, it's a good idea to regularly practice self-care and choose exercises that keep your knees healthy and range of motion intact. Dealing with joint pain can cause major disruptions to your day. Sign up and learn how to better take care of your body. Click below and just hit send! Zhang Y, Jordan JM. Epidemiology of osteoarthritis.

Clin Geriatr Med. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. Updated October Stiff Knee. Updated November 30, Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for VerywellHealth.

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Table of Contents View All. Table of Contents. Causes of Knee Stiffness. Understanding Different Knee Injury Symptoms. When to See a Doctor While knee stiffness is common, it can also be the sign of a serious condition. Call your doctor immediately if you experience the following symptoms: Swelling Decreased sensation Diminished inability to move the knee joint Diminished or absent pulses in the feet Cold or bluish feet or toes High fever Bleeding or bruising Uncontrollable pain.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Blood Tests for Diagnosis. The Benefits of Yoga for Bad Knees. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.

Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Related Articles.

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