An Overview of Bronchodilators
Jun 29, · Bronchodilators are a class of medication that relax the muscles surrounding the airways. Bronchodilators are one of the main treatments for respiratory diseases, such as asthma, emphysema, and. Oct 28, · Bronchodilators are drugs that open the airways of the lungs. They treat asthma, COPD, allergies, and other breathing problems. There are 3 types of bronchodilators used to treat asthma. Common side effects include cough, headaches, vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. Pregnancy and breastfeeding safety information are provided.
Medically reviewed by Kaci Durbin, MD. Last updated on Jan 14, Albuterol is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases air flow to the lungs. Albuterol inhalation is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm, or narrowing of the airways in the lungs, in people with asthma or certain types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD.
It is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. Albuterol inhalation is for use in adults and children who are at least 4 years old. Always follow your doctor's directions when giving albuterol to a child. It is important to keep albuterol on hand at all times. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely. Keep using all of your other medications as prescribed by your doctor.
Talk with your doctor if any of your asthma medications do not seem to work as well in treating or preventing attacks. If it seems like you need to use more of any of your medications in a hour period, talk with your doctor. An increased need for medication could be an early sign of a serious asthma attack. Only use albuterol as prescribed by your physician.
An overdose of albuterol can be fatal. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to albuterol.
You should not use ProAir RespiClick if you are allergic to milk proteins. Albuterol may increase the risk of death or hospitalization in people with asthma, but the risk in people with obstructive airway disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is not known. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known whether albuterol will harm an unborn baby. However, having uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy may increase the risk of premature birth, low birth weight, or eclampsia dangerously high blood pressure that can lead to medical problems in both mother and baby.
The benefit of preventing bronchospasm may outweigh any risks to the baby. If you are pregnant, your how to find out if my ancestors owned slaves may be listed on a pregnancy registry to track the effects of albuterol on the baby.
Use albuterol inhalation exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use albuterol inhalation in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Read all patient information, medication guides, and instruction sheets provided to you. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
You may need to prime your albuterol inhaler device before the first use. Your medicine comes with directions for priming if needed. You may also need to shake your albuterol device just before each use. Keeping your inhaler clean is important to ensure you are receiving the medication. Clean the plastic actuator with the canister removed at least once a week. Your medicine comes with directions for properly cleaning your device. The usual dose of albuterol inhalation is 2 inhalations every 4 to 6 hours.
To prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm, use 2 inhalations 15 to 30 minutes before you exercise. The effects of albuterol inhalation should last about 4 to 6 hours.
Seek medical attention if you think your asthma medications are not working as well. Use the dose counter on your albuterol inhaler device and get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely. Always use the new inhaler device provided with your refill. Do not float a medicine canister in water to see if it is empty. You do not need to shake ProAir RespiClick before using. Follow all product instructions on how to clean your albuterol inhaler device and mouthpiece.
Do not try to clean or take apart the ProAir RespiClick inhaler device. Asthma is often treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice. Keep the albuterol canister away from open flame or high heat, such as in a car on a hot day.
The canister may how to negotiate vacation time job offer if it gets too hot. Do not puncture or burn an empty inhaler canister.
Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose. Overdose symptoms may include dry mouth, tremors, chest pain, fast or irregular heartbeat, nausea, general ill feeling, seizure convulsionsfeeling light-headed or fainting.
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to albuterol : hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with albuterol inhalation, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, what does a bronchodilator do herbal products.
Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide. An albuterol inhaler should be discarded after it passes its expiration date.
It how to configure database mail be thrown out even sooner if it has been 13 months since it was removed from its foil packaging. Continue reading. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use albuterol only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Albuterol Inhalation. Detailed Albuterol dosage information. Albuterol side effects more detail. Albuterol drug interactions what does a bronchodilator do detail.
Cleveland Clinic Menu
Apr 07, · What are bronchodilators? Bronchodilators are a type of medicine used to prevent and treat symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), such as wheezing, breathlessness, and chest tightness. Bronchodilator medications are a . Mar 19, · So, a bronchodilator is simply a medicine that relaxes the muscles that surround your bronchial tubes, or airways. 1 Sometimes, this happens immediately after using the medication. Other times, the effect is more long-lasting, or preventive, in nature. Why is this important in asthma? Bronchodilators are drugs that open up (dilate) the breathing passages by relaxing the bronchial smooth muscle. They make breathing easier for people with asthma or other lung conditions. Bronchodilators include short acting beta2-agonists such as albuterol, long-acting beta2-agonists (such as salmeterol, formoterol), anticholinergic agents (eg.
By Editorial Team. Bronchodilators are a type of medicine used to prevent and treat symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD , such as wheezing, breathlessness, and chest tightness.
Bronchodilator medications are a key part of managing COPD symptoms. Many people with COPD use at least one kind of bronchodilator as part of their treatment regimens.
People with COPD have airways that are irritated and swollen. Bronchodilators treat bronchospasms by affecting the muscles around the airways.
They can make the muscles relax when they are too tight, and keep them from tightening up again. When the muscles are relaxed, the airways become wider, which allows more air to travel in and out of the lungs.
This means that are used as needed to very quickly relieve bronchospasms and breathing symptoms that suddenly get worse.
This can sometimes help to keep flare-ups from becoming more severe. During the early stages of COPD, a rescue inhaler may be the only medicine a patient needs to manage breathing symptoms. COPD patients in later stages of the disease use maintenance medicines more often.
However, the use of methylxanthines in treating people with COPD is controversial, and they are generally only used in select cases when people have not responded to short-acting bronchodilators.
Short-acting bronchodilators start working to relieve COPD symptoms quickly, but their effects do not last very long. SABAs are the most common type of rescue inhaler. SABAs can start providing relief for symptoms in 3 to 5 minutes, but are only effective for about 4 to 6 hours.
They take about 15 minutes to start working, so they cannot be used as a rescue inhaler but are used as a maintenance therapy for COPD. Long-acting bronchodilators are often used as maintenance therapy for COPD patients in later stages. Patients need to take long-acting bronchodilators every day in order for them to work well. The combination of medicines works better than either medicine works alone, providing more relief for the patient.
By Editorial Team April 7, What are bronchodilators? How do bronchodilators work? Patients usually take bronchodilators using an inhaler or a nebulizer. Nebulizers are special machines that change medicine from liquid form into a very fine mist that can be more easily absorbed in the lungs when inhaled. What kinds of bronchodilators are there?
Bronchodilator medications commonly used to treat COPD include: Beta-agonist bronchodilators 1 Anticholinergic or antimuscarinic bronchodilators 1,2 Methylxanthines 3. Sign up for emails from COPD. More on this topic Article What is Sarcoidosis?
View References. Sign up for emails Subscribe. Follow us.