What is an infinitive in english

what is an infinitive in english

What are Infinitives – Complete English Grammar Rules

/ ?n?f?n.?.t??v / B1 the basic form of a verb that usually follows "to": In the sentences "I had to go" and "I must go", "go" is an infinitive. Infinitive definition is - formed with the infinitive. How to use infinitive in a sentence.

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'infinitive. Send us feedback. See more words from the same century. How to become a flight attendant book 23 Apr.

More Definitions for infinitive. See the full definition for infinitive in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Nglish: Translation of infinitive for Spanish Speakers. Britannica English: Translation of infinitive for Arabic Speakers. What made you want to look up infinitive? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

You've waited days, weeks, months, even years for What's the difference? Two words of uncertainty. We're intent on clearing it up. We're gonna stop you unfinitive there. How to use a word that literally drives some pe The awkward case of 'his or infinitivr.

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Save Word. Definition of infinitive Entry 1 of 2. Definition of infinitive Entry 2 of 2. Keep scrolling how to pronounce lamborghini murcielago more. Other Words from infinitive Adjective infinitively adverb. Examples of infinitive in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective This substitution of the conjunction and for the to that is part of an infinitive verb happens almost exclusively with the verb try.

First Known Use of infinitive Adjective 15th century, in the meaning defined above Nounin the meaning defined above. Learn More about infinitive. Time Traveler for infinitive The first known use of infinitive was in the 15th century See more words from the same century. From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. What about in space? Dictionary Entries near ehat infinitesimality infinite term infinitival infinitive infinitize infinitude infinity See More Nearby Entries.

Statistics for infinitive Look-up Popularity. Style: MLA. English Language Learners Definition of infinitive. Kids Definition of infinitive. Comments on how to become an educator What made you want to look up infinitive? Show Comments Hide Comments. Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. Spell words. Make bears. Love words? Need even more definitions?

We're intent on clearing it up 'Nip it in the butt' enlgish 'Nip it in the bud'? We're gonna stop you right there Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Take the quiz True or False?

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Jan 25,  · a form of the verb not inflected for grammatical categories such as tense and person and used without an overt subject. In English, the infinitive usually consists of the word to followed by the verb Derived forms of infinitive infinitival (??nf?n??ta?v?l), adjective infinitively or infinitivally, adverb. Oct 08,  · In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. "Infinitive" comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless. The infinitive is a type of verbal, or word derived from a verb that does not function as a verb, that is almost always preceded by the particle "to". Infinitive Definition: Infinitive is the base form of the verb. The infinitive form of a verb is the form which follows "to".

In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. The infinitive is a type of verbal , or word derived from a verb that does not function as a verb, that is almost always preceded by the particle "to". Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" as in "She drove to Chicago" to describe movement. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers , or complements.

Examples of infinitive phrases:. A negative infinitive phrase can be formed by placing the negative particle "not" in front of "to". Examples of negative infinitive phrases:. Although infinitives usually follow main verbs , they may appear in various places and serve different functions in a sentence.

The observance of the commonest amenities of life constantly leads us into that usage. Let us take a typical case. A gentleman and his wife, calling on friends, find them not at home. The gentleman decides to leave a note of regret couched in a few well-chosen words, and the first thing he knows he is involved in this: 'We would have liked to have found you in.

Reading it over, the gentleman is assailed by the suspicion that he has too many 'haves,' and that the whole business has somehow been put too far into the past. His first reaction is to remedy this by dating the note: '9 p. Wednesday, June 12, That is where he makes a fatal mistake. The simplest way out, as always, is to seek some other method of expressing the thought What he does, however, is to lapse into a profound study of this particular grammatical situation, than which there is no more hazardous mental occupation Few people ever do realize it.

This is because the present infinitive, 'to find,' seems to imply success. They, therefore, fall back on the perfect infinitive, 'to have found,' because it implies that the thing hoped for did not come to pass. They have fallen back on it so often that, after the ordinary past tenses, its use has come to be counted as idiomatic , even though it is incorrect After 'would have liked,' 'would have hoped,' 'would have feared,' etc.

The implication of non-fulfillment is inherent in the governing verb itself, that is, in the 'would have liked,' etc. You don't have to shade the infinitive to get a nice note of frustration Avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional as you would a cobra.

Share Flipboard Email. Richard Nordquist. English and Rhetoric Professor. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Updated October 08, Cite this Article Format. Nordquist, Richard. Definition and Examples of Infinitive Verbs. Watch Now: Verbs and Adverbs. Understanding the 'to'-Infinitive in English Grammar.

How to Use the Perfect Infinitive in Spanish. What is the Zero or Bare Infinitive? Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our.

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