Apr 10, · A sprain is an injury to a ligament (tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint). When a sprain happens, one or more ligaments is stretched or torn. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon (fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone). In a strain, a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn. Anyone can get a sprain or strain. Mar 20, · A joint sprain is the overstretching or tearing of ligaments. Ligaments are the bands of tissue that connect two bones together in a joint. The most common location for a .
A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments — the tough tsrains of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in your joints. The most common location srrains a sprain is in your ankle.
Initial treatment includes rest, ice, compression and elevation. Mild sprains can be successfully treated at home. Severe sprains sometimes require surgery to repair torn ligaments.
The difference between a sprain and a strain is spprains a sprain injures the bands of spfains that connect two bones together, while a strain involves an injury to a muscle or to the band of tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.
Most ankle sprains involve injuries to the three ligaments on the outside of your ankle. Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that stabilize joints and help prevent excessive movement. An ankle sprain occurs when you roll, twist or turn your ankle in an awkward way. This can stretch or tear the ligaments that help hold your ankle bones together. A sprained ankle is the stretching or tearing of ankle ligaments, which support the joint by connecting bones to each other. Mild sprains can be treated at home.
But the injuries that cause sprains can also cause serious injuries, such as fractures. You should see a doctor if you:. A sprain occurs when you overextend or tear a ligament while severely stressing a joint. Sprains often occur in the following circumstances:. Children have areas of softer tissue, called growth plates, near the ends of their bones. The ligaments around a joint spralns often stronger than these growth plates, so children are more likely to experience a ix than sprians sprain.
Regular stretching and strengthening exercises for your sport, fitness or work activity, as part of an overall physical conditioning program, can help to minimize your sprauns of sprains. Try to be in shape to play your sport; don't play your sport to get in shape. If you have a physically demanding occupation, regular conditioning can help prevent injuries.
You can protect your joints in the long term by working to strengthen and condition the muscles around the joint that has been injured. The best brace you can give yourself is your own "muscle brace. Also, use footwear that offers support and protection. Mayo How to hook up a powered subwoofer to a mixer does not endorse companies or products.
Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your straibs now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments — aand tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in your joints. Sprained ankle Open pop-up dialog box Close. Sprained ankle A sprained ankle is the stretching or tearing of ankle ligaments, what can be made out of cardboard support the joint by connecting bones to each other.
Request an Appointment at Mayo What is strains and sprains. Share dhat Facebook Twitter. Show references Sprains and strains. Accessed April 27, Walls RM, et al.
General principles of orthopedic injuries. Philadelphia, Pa. Safran MR, et al. In: Instructions for Sports Medicine Patients. Sprains, strains and other soft-tissue how to replace an ignition switch. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Ankle sprain. Rochester, Minn. Maughan KL. Accessed April 30, Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
Points To Remember About Sprains and Strains
A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments, the tough, fibrous bands of tissue that connect bones to one another at a joint. A strain is a stretching or tearing of a tendon or muscle tissue. Apr 12, · A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament while a strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon. Learn how to lower your risks of sprains and strains. May 15, · Sprains and strains both refer to damage to the soft tissues in the body, including ligaments, tendons, and muscles. They are common injuries that share some symptoms but .
A sprain is an injury to a ligament tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint. When a sprain happens, one or more ligaments is stretched or torn. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone. In a strain, a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn. Sprains happen most often in the ankle. However, if you fall and land on their hand, you can sprain your wrist. Skiing and other sports can make it more likely for you to sprain your thumb.
Strains are most common in your back and the hamstring muscle in the back of your thigh. Certain sports can make it more likely for you to have a strain in the back or legs. For example:. If you play sports that use your hands and arms a lot, you may be more likely to have a strain in your arm or hand. Many things can cause a sprain. Falling, twisting, or getting hit can force your joint out of its normal position.
This can ligaments around your joint to stretch or tear. Sprains usually happen when you:. A strain happens when you twist or pull a muscle or tendon. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over days or weeks. A sudden or acute strain is caused by:. Your doctor may order an MRI to look closely at the area of the injury or pain.
An MRI is a test that uses magnetic energy to look inside the body. Treatments for sprains and strains are the same. To reduce swelling and pain in the first day or two, doctors usually say to:. After treating pain and swelling, your doctor may tell you to exercise the injured area.
This helps to prevent stiffness and increase strength. In addition, you may need physical therapy. Your doctor or physical therapist will tell you when you can start to do normal activities, including sports.
If you begin too soon, you can injure the area again. The goal is to get you back to your normal everyday activities, including sports if possible. You should work closely with your doctor or physical therapist to make sure you are ready. It is important that you have the following before returning to normal activity or sports:. The amount of time you need to fully heal after a sprain or strain depends on the person and the type of injury. Basics In-Depth. What are they? Points To Remember About Sprains and Strains A sprain is an injury to a ligament tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint.
Anyone can get a sprain or strain. The symptoms of a sprain include: pain, swelling, bruising, and not being able to use the joint. In addition to pain, the symptoms of a strain include: muscle spasms, swelling, cramping, and trouble moving. It is important to see a doctor if you have a painful sprain or strain.
This helps you get the right treatments. If you try to return to normal activities or sports too soon, you may injure the area again. What are sprains and strains? Who gets them? Who gets sprains and strains? For example: Soccer. For example: Gymnastics. What are the symptoms?
What are the symptoms of sprains and strains? Sprains The symptoms of a sprain include: Pain. Not being able to use the joint. Strains In addition to pain, the symptoms of a strain include: Muscle spasms. Trouble moving. If you tear a muscle or tendon completely, it is very painful and hard to move. What causes them? What causes sprains and strains?
Sprain Many things can cause a sprain. Sprains usually happen when you: Fall and land on an arm. Fall on the side of their foot. Twist a knee. Strain A strain happens when you twist or pull a muscle or tendon. A sudden or acute strain is caused by: A recent injury. Lifting heavy objects the wrong way. Overstressing the muscles. Chronic strains usually happen when you move the muscles and tendons the same way over and over.
Is there a test? Is there a test for sprains and strains? Your doctor checks for a sprain or strain by: Asking about the injury. Examining the area of the injury. How are they treated? How are sprains and strains treated? To reduce swelling and pain in the first day or two, doctors usually say to: Rest the injured area.
If the ankle or knee is hurt, your doctor may tell you to use crutches or a cane. Put ice on the injury for 20 minutes 4 to 8 times a day. Compress squeeze the injury using special bandages, casts, boots, or splints.
Your doctor will tell you which one is best for you and how tight it should be. Put the injured ankle, knee, elbow, or wrist up on a pillow. Take medicines, such as aspirin or ibuprofen. Living With Them. Living with sprains and strains The goal is to get you back to your normal everyday activities, including sports if possible.
It is important that you have the following before returning to normal activity or sports: Normal motion. Can I prevent them? Can I prevent sprains and strains? You can help prevent sprains and strains by: Avoiding exercise or playing sports when tired or in pain. Eating a well-balanced diet to keep muscles strong. Maintaining a healthy weight. Trying to avoid falling for example, put sand or salt on icy spots on your front steps or sidewalks.
Wearing shoes that fit well. Getting new shoes if the heel wears down on one side. Exercising every day. Staying in proper physical condition to play a sport. Warming up and stretching before playing a sport. Wearing protective equipment when playing. Running on flat surfaces. For More Info. For more info U. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. American Academy of Pediatrics. American Physical Therapy Association.
American College of Sports Medicine. American Medical Society for Sports Medicine.