Redwood Forest Facts
The Redwood National and State Parks form one of the most significant protected areas of the Northern California coastal forests ecoregion. Flora. It is estimated that old-growth redwood forest once covered close to 2,, acres (8, km 2) of coastal northern California. Mar 30, · Most people know Redwood as home to the tallest trees on Earth. But the parks also protect vast prairies, oak woodlands, wild riverways, and nearly 40 miles of rugged coastline. People have lived in this verdant landscape since time immemorial. Together, the .
Most people know Redwood as home to the tallest trees on Earth. But the parks also protect vast prairies, oak woodlands, wild riverways, and nearly 40 miles of rugged coastline. People have lived in this verdant landscape since time immemorial. Together, the National Park Service and California State Parks are managing and restoring these lands for the inspiration, enjoyment, and education of all. Find out what's open, how to have a safe visit during the pandemic, and what to expect.
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Jul 10, · The coast redwoods. NPS. The Amazing Diversity. An amazing diversity of life exists at Redwood National and State Parks (RNSP). The ancient coast redwood ecosystem preserved in the parks contains some of the planet's most majestic forests. Here, banana slugs, gray whales, Douglas-fir, black bears, and sea anemones are equally at home with redwoods. Sep 23, · From the acquisition of a single grove in , the League has raised millions of dollars to build and expand this park. Today Humboldt Redwoods spans 53, acres, an area almost twice the size of San Francisco. About one third, or 17, acres, of the park is old-growth redwood forest—the largest expanse of ancient redwoods left on the planet. The serene, majestic beauty of this Grove is a living reminder of the magnificent primeval redwood forest that covered much of this area before logging operations began during the 19th century. Armstrong Redwoods preserves stately and magnificent Sequoia sempervirens, commonly known as the coast redwood.
We may earn a commission from affiliate links. It is a mind-bending experience to hike in a forest of the tallest trees on Earth. Wandering through this almost prehistoric landscape of towering giants, enormous tree trunks, ferns, and lush vegetation, you may feel like you've walked onto a movie set. It's also interesting to note that these modern-day giant redwoods, standing as high as feet, are descendants of the same type of trees that dinosaurs walked among during the Jurassic Period.
Note: Some businesses may be temporarily closed due to recent global health and safety issues. The hiking trails in the Redwood National and State Parks vary in length but are all generally quite easy, with very few technically difficult areas on most trails.
Some trails have elevation gains, but they are mainly level underfoot, and fairly wide. This is fortunate, since most of your time may well be spent looking skyward. When you are looking down, keep an eye out for brightly colored banana slugs and other interesting critters. They extend, in this order, from south to north along the coast. This trail runs along hillsides and ridges through an incredible display of old-growth redwoods.
Even if you don't have time to complete the entire mile hike , it's worth walking in for a mile or two and returning along the same path, just to see the giant redwoods that cover the hillsides.
From the trail, you can see the forest from different levels; looking up at them from below the base or across the valleys for a more elevated perspective. It's well worth taking the time to hike the entire trail as it meanders through pure redwood forest and down to the ocean, where it connects with the Fern Canyon hike , and passes through a variety of vegetation types. From Fern Canyon, you can turn around and hike back the way you came.
The scenery will look like you are on a new trail as you travel in the opposite direction. If you are interested in a loop hike, you can follow the beach a little over a mile to the south and return on the Miners' Ridge Trail.
If you only have time for one short hike and want a spectacular look at old-growth redwoods, this is your best option. Combined with either Foothill or Prairie Creek Trail, this is a 2. This fern-lined trail has very little elevation gain as it meanders through absolutely enormous trees, including the main attraction, Big Tree. This 1,year-old giant stands feet and has a diameter of But, if it wasn't sign posted, it would be difficult to pick out which of the tree in this area is the biggest, as many of them are in the same age and height category.
The occasional fallen tree, including a huge one on the Foothill Trail, gives an even truer sense of how big these trees really are. You can access this hike from a couple of spots, but the most obvious place to start is either from the Big Tree trailhead , just north of the Prairie Creek Visitor Center, or from the visitor center.
Starting from Big Tree, combine the loop with the Foothill Trail, but if you are starting from the visitor center, combine it with the Prairie Creek Trail. Unlike Cathedral Tree Trail loop, which parallels the highway for portions of the hike, this trail runs deep into the woods, far from any traffic noise.
The trail has elevation gain, but the hills offer a unique perspective and provide a closer look at the canopy in some areas. A partially suspended fallen tree near the start is a popular photo spot.
The largest concentration of the old redwoods is closest to the start of the hike. Huge trees at the end are more dispersed. Keep in mind, this trail is more about the journey than the destination, with a variety of different environments as you progress up a ridge and then down into a valley. Some sections are almost pure redwoods, other sections are mixed forest. Near the far end of the trail is a spur that takes you to the actual Boy Scout Tree , a huge double tree, given its name by a local troop leader, who first discovered it.
If you are not up for the full hike, you can walk in as far as you like and turn back, and you will still be satisfied. The trailhead is along Howland Hill Road, a dirt road that narrowly dodges its way around giant redwoods and is almost as interesting as the hike itself. A small roadside parking pullout area, which only accommodates about ten or twelve cars, is the location of the trailhead. Watch for other parked cars because the signposting is limited.
Located in Redwood National Park, at the south end of the park system , Tall Trees Grove Trail is a unique and relatively remote hike that showcases more than just redwoods. You'll hike through old-growth redwoods and a forest of huge, spidery-shaped maples with moss covered branches reaching out in all directions. Rhododendrons bloom here in the spring. The trail begins high and descends for 1. At the bottom, it winds for one mile through the grove of the aptly described tall trees, as well as furry maples, before returning along the same path.
This is a fun and entertaining hike, with fallen trees, a tunnel bridge, and holes in the base of the trees big enough to wander in. This is one of the less traveled hikes in the park, and you may even have the trail to yourself. Before trying to find the trailhead, talk to park staff. The access road is gated, and you'll need to obtain the code from staff to open the gate. Once through the gate, you travel six miles down a dirt road to the parking area. It's much easier than it sounds, and park staff at the visitor center are happy to give you the code and offer directions.
Fern Canyon Trail is short but interesting and different from any other trail in the park. Unlike most of the hikes in Redwood National and State Parks, this one is not about redwoods. Ferns line the almost completely vertical canyon walls that hug a shallow stream. The canyon starts out wide and gradually narrows and curves as you walk upstream. Although this is less than a one-mile return hike , it is out of the way and requires a fair bit of time when you add in drive time.
The hike is near the ocean, and the road to the trailhead is a dirt road, often in very poor condition, that runs up and over a ridge. If you are coming out here, you might want to plan to see the beach or have a picnic at the day use area along the oceanfront. Located in Redwood National Park, this 1. This is perfect for families or anyone looking for a simple walk in the woods.
Trees are huge; rhododendrons, which bloom in May and early June, are sprinkled around the forest floor; and giant ferns cover the ground. Many of the trees have natural caverns carved out at the base, creating little hide-aways that are always of interest to children.
The ease of this hike makes it one of the most popular trails in the area. This trail is higher than many of the other hikes and as a result, the forest is often shrouded in fog, creating a very serene atmosphere. Damnation Creek Trail. For a slightly different trail that focuses more on the understory plant life beneath these giant trees, consider the Damnation Creek Trail. This hike, in Redwood National Park , has its fair share of large trees, especially at the start, but the real stunning aspect of the trail is the rhododendrons along the way.
Each spring, the rhododendrons erupt in a bright pink display that contrasts strongly against the predominant dark green of the forest. On foggy days, this effect is magnified. The trail is an out-and-back four-mile route that winds its way down to a narrow beach.
The first 1. Note that in , a bridge failure near the end of the trail 1. However, the rest of the trail remains open and is still well worth doing. Several access points allow for nice day hikes along the beaches and coastal terrain. Most people come to the parks to see the redwoods, but if you simply want to enjoy the ocean views and coastal bluffs , this is a beautiful area for hiking.
You can hike to secluded beaches and along rugged shorelines. If you're interested in more than just a day hike, plan on spending a night or two at a backcountry campsite.
Permits are required for backcountry camping. Depending on the section you choose, day hikes range from about 3. The Crescent Beach section in Redwood National Park is an exception, with a flat, easy section, perfect for families.
The best places for visitors to base themselves are in Crescent City , at the north end of the park system, or in Arcata , to the south of the parks. Many of the best hikes are centered almost midway between these two towns, in the Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park. Arcata may be a better choice if you want to set your sights on the southern parks. Hiking : If you are looking for more great hikes in northern California, consider hitting the trails in Yosemite National Park or exploring the best trails around Lake Tahoe.
These are good options if you are visiting between spring and fall. For something a little more urban, try our guide to the best hikes near San Francisco. Camping : Campers should not miss the opportunity to spend a night under the stars and towering Redwoods. Find the perfect spot with our article on the best campgrounds in Redwood National and State Parks. Here, you can camp in the sequoias, along rushing rivers, or in the far reaches of the dramatic canyon.
In summer, set your sights on camping around Lake Tahoe. California Travel Guide. Written by Lana Law Jun 8, We may earn a commission from affiliate links It is a mind-bending experience to hike in a forest of the tallest trees on Earth. See also: Where to Stay near Redwood National and State Parks Note: Some businesses may be temporarily closed due to recent global health and safety issues. Damnation Creek Trail Damnation Creek Trail For a slightly different trail that focuses more on the understory plant life beneath these giant trees, consider the Damnation Creek Trail.
Where to Stay near Redwood National and State Parks The best places for visitors to base themselves are in Crescent City , at the north end of the park system, or in Arcata , to the south of the parks. True luxury hotels don't exist in Crescent City, but both of these are high-quality mid-range hotels. The spacious rooms and suites are perfect for families, and rates include complimentary breakfast.
Both of these hotels also offer some rooms with fireplaces. For those on a budget or traveling with pets, the pet-friendly Motel 6 Crescent City offers basic but comfortable rooms.
Restaurants and other amenities can be found within easy walking distance of all three of these properties. Both of these properties offer a pool and complimentary breakfast. The Best Western is a pet-friendly property.