Japan quake-tsunami death toll likely over 10,000
Mar 04, · Japan earthquake and tsunami, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, , and killed at least 20, people. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas. 82 rows · This is a list of Japanese disasters by their death likedatingus.comed in the list are disasters both.
The tsunami also instigated a major nuclear accident at a power station along the coast. The magnitude The early estimate of magnitude 8. The epicentre was located some 80 miles km east of the city of SendaiMiyagi prefecture, and the focus occurred at a depth of The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a stretch of the subduction zone associated with the Japan Trenchwhich separates the Eurasian Plate from the subducting Pacific Plate.
Some geologists argue that this portion of the Eurasian Plate is actually a fragment of the North American Plate called the Okhotsk microplate. A part of the subduction zone measuring approximately miles km long by 95 miles km wide lurched as much as feet 50 metres to the east-southeast and thrust upward about 33 feet 10 metres. It was preceded by several foreshocks, including a magnitude Hundreds of aftershocks, dozens of magnitude 6.
Nearly two years later, on December 7,a magnitude The quake caused no injuries and little damage. The March 11,earthquake was the strongest to strike the region since the beginning of record keeping in the late 19th century, and it is considered one of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded. The sudden horizontal and vertical thrusting of the Pacific Plate, which has been slowly advancing under the Eurasian Plate near Japan, displaced the what are you going to do today napoleon above and spawned a series of highly destructive tsunami waves.
A wave measuring some 33 feet high inundated the coast and flooded parts of the city of Sendaiincluding its airport and the surrounding countryside. According to some reports, one wave penetrated some 6 miles 10 km inland after causing the Natori River, which separates Sendai from the city of Natori to the south, to overflow.
Damaging tsunami waves struck the coasts of Iwate prefecture, just north of Miyagi prefecture, and FukushimaIbarakiand Chibathe prefectures extending along the Pacific coast south of Miyagi. As the floodwaters retreated back to the sea, they carried with them enormous quantities of debris, as well as thousands of victims caught in the deluge. Large stretches of land were left submerged under seawater, particularly in what was the death toll for the japan tsunami areas.
The earthquake triggered tsunami warnings throughout the Pacific basin. The tsunami raced outward from the epicentre at speeds that approached about miles km per hour. It generated waves 11 to 12 feet 3. Several hours later 9-foot 2. Finally, some 18 hours after the quake, waves roughly 1 foot 0. Japan earthquake and tsunami of Videos Images.
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External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. John P. Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the environment.
He serves currently as the editor of Earth and life sciences, covering climatology, geology, zoology, and other topics that relate to Aerial view of damage to a portion of the northeastern coast of Honshu, Japan, following the offshore earthquake and resultant tsunami there on What is a hemi motor 11, Map of the northern part of Japan's main island of Honshu depicting the intensity of shaking caused by the earthquake of March 11, A massive tsunami, generated by a powerful undersea earthquake, engulfing a residential area in Natori, Miyagi prefecture, northeastern Honshu, Japan, on March 11, Review how underwater earthquakes, volcanoes, or landslides can generate tsunamis.
Map prepared by the U. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration depicting the tsunami wave height model for the Pacific Ocean following the March 11,earthquake off Sendai, Japan. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
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The death toll in Japan's earthquake and tsunami will likely exceed 10, in one state alone, an official said Sunday, as millions of survivors were left without drinking water, electricity and.
Related Japan asks Russia for more energy after quake: government Desperation, panic grip Japan after quake, nuclear emergency Blast at Japan nuke plant; 1, dead in quake At least dead in Japan quake: AFP tally The death toll in Japan's earthquake and tsunami will likely exceed 10, in one state alone, an official said Sunday, as millions of survivors were left without drinking water, electricity and proper food along the pulverized northeastern coast.
Although the government doubled the number of soldiers deployed in the aid effort to ,, it seemed overwhelmed by what's turning out to be a triple disaster:. Friday's quake and tsunami damaged two nuclear reactors at a power plant on the coast, and at least one of them appeared to be going through a partial meltdown, raising fears of a radiation leak. The police chief of Miyagi prefecture, or state, told a gathering of disaster relief officials that his estimate for deaths was more than 10,, police spokesman Go Sugawara told The Associated Press.
Miyagi has a population of 2. Only people have officially been confirmed as dead in Miyagi. The nuclear crisis posed fresh concerns for those who survived the earthquake and tsunami, which hit with breathtaking force and speed, breaking or sweeping away everything in its path.
I live near the plants, so I came here to find out if I'm OK. I tested negative, but I don't know what to do next," Kenji Koshiba, a construction worker, said at an emergency center in Koriyama town near the power plant in Fukushima.
According to officials, at least 1, people were killed - including people whose bodies were found Sunday along the coast - and were missing in the disasters. In a rare piece of good news, the Defense Ministry said a military helicopter on Sunday rescued a year-old man floating off the coast of Fukushima on the roof of his house after being swept away in the tsunami. He was in good condition. The U. Geological Survey calculated the initial quake to have a magnitude of 8.
Either way it was the strongest quake ever recorded in Japan. It has been followed by more than powerful aftershocks. Teams searched for the missing along hundreds of miles kilometers of Japanese coastline, and hundreds of thousands of hungry survivors huddled in darkened emergency centers that were cut off from rescuers and aid.
At least 1. Temperatures were to dip near freezing overnight. Trade Minister Banri Kaeda said the region was likely to face further blackouts and that power would be rationed to ensure supplies go to essential needs. Large areas of the countryside remained surrounded by water and unreachable.
Fuel stations were closed and people were running out of gasoline for their vehicles. Public broadcaster NHK said around , people have been evacuated to emergency shelters, many of them without power. In Iwaki town, residents were leaving due to concerns over dwindling food and fuel supplies. The town had no electricity and all stores were closed.
Local police took in about 90 people and gave them blankets and rice balls but there was no sign of government or military aid trucks. At a large refinery on the outskirts of the hard-hit port city of Sendai, foot meter -high bright orange flames rose in the air, spitting out dark plumes of smoke. The facility has been burning since Friday. A reporter who approached the area could hear the roaring fire from afar, and after a few minutes the gaseous stench began burning the eyes and throat.
At a small park near the refinery, trees and large swaths of grass were covered in thick black crude oil. Two large tanker trucks were jammed sideways among the trees, their gas tanks crumpled.
Mayumi Yagoshi, an office worker at the refinery, said she had taken the day off Friday because she had slipped and hurt her back. My mobile phone doesn't work and I have no idea what happened to everyone else," she said. In the small town of Tagajo, near Sendai, dazed residents roamed streets cluttered with smashed cars, broken homes and twisted metal. Residents said the water surged in and quickly rose higher than the first floor of buildings. At Sengen General Hospital the staff worked feverishly to haul bedridden patients up the stairs one at a time.
With the halls now dark, those that can leave have gone to the local community center. The tsunami came in from the canal side and blasted through the frail wooden houses, coating the interiors with a thick layer of mud and spilling their contents out into the street on the other side.
Police cars drove slowly through the town and warned residents through loudspeakers to seek higher ground, but most simply stood by and watched them pass.
Dozens of countries have offered assistance. Two U. Two other U. In Fukushima prefecture, people said the city of Soma was hardest hit.
Rubble was all that remained of one coastal housing district where some 2, people lived. Their houses were simply washed away. No signs of life remained Sunday night, except for the occassional dog searching for its owner. The only lights in town came from the fire engines patrolling the area. In Sendai, firefighters with wooden picks dug through a devastated neighborhood.
One of them yelled: "A corpse. A few minutes later, the firefighters spotted another - that of a man in black fleece jacket and pants, crumpled in a partial fetal position at the bottom of a wooden stairwell.
From outside, the house seemed almost untouched, two cracks in the white walls the only signs of damage. The man's neighbor, year-old Ayumi Osuga, dug through the completely destroyed remains of her own house, her white mittens covered by dark mud. Osuga said she had been playing origami, the Japanese art of folding paper into figures, with her three children when the quake stuck.
They spent the night huddled in a hilltop home belonging to her husband's family about 12 miles 20 kilometers away. Last Update About Us. Friday, 23 April Japan quake-tsunami death toll likely over 10, AP , Sunday 13 Mar Views: Japan asks Russia for more energy after quake: government.
Desperation, panic grip Japan after quake, nuclear emergency. Blast at Japan nuke plant; 1, dead in quake. At least dead in Japan quake: AFP tally. Short link:. Readers Picks. Most Viewed.