Why Political Machines Were Good for Government They may have had their negatives, but unlike Congress today -- and to some degree, the states -- they got the job done. Start studying Advantages and disadvantages of Political Machines. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Political machinein U. The rapid growth of American cities in the 19th century, a result of both immigration and migration from rural areas, created huge problems for city governments, which were often poorly structured and unable to provide services.
In those conditions, political machines—such as Tammany Hallrun by boss William Magear Tweed —73 in New Bwnefits City —were able to build a loyal voter following, especially among immigrant groups, by what is an infrared oven such favours as providing jobs or housing. Political machines are characterized by a disciplined and hierarchical organization, reaching down to neighbourhood and block organizers, that enables the machine to respond to the problems of individual neighbourhoods, or even families, in exchange for loyalty at the polls.
The term refers to their ability to elect candidates or enact libertarian what do they believe in with mechanical efficiency and predictability. Although the primary goal of a political machine is keeping itself in power rather o providing good government, qere have been responsible for restructuring city governments to centralize authority, improving facilities and services, helping to assimilate immigrant groups, and encouraging the growth of business and industry.
Daley —76 of Chicagoguarantees city governments the power and authority that they need to cope with urban problems effectively. However, because political machines in such cities as BostonPhiladelphiaNew YorkPittsburghChicago, and Kansas City have also been responsible for many abuses of power, the term carries a politicall sense.
However, patronage can result in poorer service to the citizens because appointees may be neither qualified for their jobs nor interested in performing them. For example, the machine may accept donations or kickbacks from businesses in return for such favours as tax or zoning concessions or the award of lucrative public-works contracts.
In some cities, machine business dealings have included accepting money from organized-crime syndicates in exchange for protection from legal interference. In practice, this made machine politics the last defense of white neighbourhoods against growing black populations, while black politicians who anticipated power viewed their constituents as merely the latest in a series bneefits ethnic or racial groups that had benefited from the machine.
Since the 19th-century heyday of machine politics, civil service reforms limiting the number of patronage jobs, the institution of direct primaries rather than party nomination of candidates, the municipal operation of public utilities, and judicial benefitss by state and federal courts have all reduced the power of political machines.
The steady exodus of city residents to the suburbs since World War II and a more mobile population with fewer ties to particular neighbourhoods have also weakened the social base that once made political machines synonymous with city government. Political machine.
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Thomas Nast cartoon picturing a Tammany Hall Tiger hampered by Grover Cleveland's uncompromising honesty and independence from political bosses. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Mayoral control reached its zenith during the era of Richard J. After him…. At the direction of the committee, each constituency was carefully divided, and every precinct hwo watched closely by an agent of the party, the captain, who was responsible for securing votes for….
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Although the primary goal of a political machine is keeping itself in power rather than providing good government, machines have been responsible for restructuring city governments to centralize authority, improving facilities and services, helping to assimilate immigrant groups, and encouraging the growth of business and industry. What were two benefits of political machines, according to their defenders: to gain and keep power -party bosses bribed new immigrants to vote for them by giving them the things they needed What was the largest employment for women in cities? Political Machines were orgainizations that provided social services and jobs in exchange foir votes. The machines were run by a boss who in turn had precinct captains, ward captains and district captains underneath him. All of them made sure that the poor has what they needed. They also made sure the poor voted for them!
Asked by Wiki User. A coalition is to bring two groups together with the aim of making them to work together for the common good of the party or common objecive. Name two ways in which political machines held power. People who needed help could recieve it. What group supported political machines. The main reason why we made Political Machines was to mainly to Control the Goverment. One, that question doesn't make any sense. Two, define benefits. Benefits to who? The Chinese Government?
The Chinese people? The U. Three, what political instability are you talking about? Political machines helped by sorting out some of the biggest urban problems. Political machines have had various different goals. For example, their main goal is generally to try and achieve political power. In the late 19th century, local governments in many U.
Which of the following was one of the characteristics of political machines? They were involved in various forms of corruption. Recent immigrants relied on political machines for jobs.
They caused corruption. In reality, political machines rarely responded to the needs of the people. When they did, it was usually for dishonest gain. When immigrants came to the U. Urban bosses helped immigrants in criminal cases. Immigrants supported political machines politically. Within political parties. Political machines helped immigrants by offering jobs and a chance to move up in the world in return for votes.
Ask Question. Politics and Government. See Answer. Top Answer. Wiki User Answered Related Questions. What were two ways in which political machines held power? Benefits of political parties? What were some benefits of political machines? What group supported political machines?
What was the role of political machines in the cities? What is purpose of political machines? What is one of the benefits of political instability in China was? How did political machines help immigrants? What played a major role in seeking and achieving economic equality for members?
Who assist political machines? Why did immigrants support political machines? What was the main goal of political machines? What was one characteristic of political machines? The main strength of political machines resided with? Best describes political machines and immigrants at the turn of the 20th century? How are immigrants related to political machines?
What did the political machines do? Who controlled the Political machines? How did political machines respond to the needs of people? How did Political Machines effect immigrants?
Which of the following best describes political machines and immigrants at the turn of the 20th century? What did political machines reward loyal members of their political organization?
Where did you find the political machines used mostly? How did progressive reforms limit the power of political machines? How did political machines help immagrants? Trending Questions What's the most outdated thing you still use today?
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